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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : information about present simple



student
17-08-2009, 07:55 PM
Simple Present
FORM
VERB+ s/es in third person


Examples


You speak English
Do you speak English
You do not speak English

USE 1 Repeated Actions



Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do


Examples


I play tennis
She does not play tennis
Does he play tennis
The train leaves every morning at 8 AM
The train does not leave at 9 AM
When does the train usually leave
She always forgets her purse
He never forgets his wallet
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun
Does the Sun circle the Earth

USE 2 Facts or Generalizations



The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things


Examples


Cats like milk
Birds do not like milk
Do pigs like milk
California is in America
California is not in the United Kingdom
Windows are made of glass
Windows are not made of wood
New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue


USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future



Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well


Examples


The train leaves tonight at 6 PM
The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM
When do we board the plane
The party starts at 8 o'clock
When does class begin tomorrow

USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)



Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs


Examples


I am here now
She is not here now
He needs help right now
He does not need help now
He has his passport in his hand
Do you have your passport with you

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc


Examples


You only speak English
Do you only speak English