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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : what are phonotactics



student
23-09-2009, 08:59 AM
what are phonotactics

alkafeel
23-09-2009, 09:14 AM
Phonotactics are (in phonology) the arrangements of distinctive sound units (phonemes) in a language

For example
In Engish, the consonants groups (consonant clusters) /spr/ and /str/ can occur at the beginning of a word , as in sprout, strain, but they can not occur at the end of a word. A de******ion of the phonotactics of English clusters would include this information

student
23-09-2009, 09:20 AM
Thanks a lot for your interaction
I will add further information to get perfect understanding of phonotactics


Phonotactics (in Greek phone = voice and tactic = course) is a branch of phonology that deals with restrictions in a language on the permissible combinations of phonemes. Phonotactics defines permissible syllable structure, consonant clusters, and vowel sequences by means of phonotactical constraints


Phonotactic constraints are language specific. For example, in Japanese, consonant clusters like /st/ are not allowed, although they are in English. Similarly, the sounds /kn/ and /ɡn/ are not permitted at the beginning of a word in Modern English but are in German and Dutch, and were permitted in Old and Middle English


Syllables have the following internal segmental structure


Onset ......optional
Rime .......obligatory, comprises Nucleus and Coda
Nucleus.....obligatory
Coda .....optional
Both onset and coda may be empty, forming a vowel-only syllable, or alternatively, the nucleus can be occupied by a syllabic consonant

فاطمة نعيمي
23-09-2009, 01:20 PM
indeed useful info

thanks and regards to both of you