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passive voice

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  • passive voice

    good evening
    i wan"t simple study in passive voice please
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  • #2
    thank you for asking us

    Defining the passive voice

    A passive construction occurs when you make the object of an action into the subject of a sentence. That is, whoever or whatever is performing the action is not the grammatical subject of the sentence. Take a look at this passive rephrasing of a familiar joke
    Why was the road crossed by the chicken?
    Who is doing the action in this sentence? The chicken is the one doing the action in this sentence, but the chicken is not in the spot where you would expect the grammatical subject to be. Instead, the road is the grammatical subject. The more familiar phrasing (why did the chicken cross the road?) puts the actor in the subject position, the position of doing something—the chicken (the actor/doer) crosses the road (the object). We use active verbs to represent that "doing," whether it be crossing roads, proposing ideas, making arguments, or invading houses (more on that shortly)
    Once you know what to look for, passive constructions are easy to spot. Look for a form of "to be" (is, are, am , was, were, has been, have been, had been, will be, will have been, being) followed by a past participle. (The past participle is a form of the verb that typically, but not always, ends in "-ed." Some exceptions to the "-ed" rule are words like "paid" (not "payed") and "driven." (not "drived"). Here's a sure-fire formula for identifying the passive voice

    form of "to be" + past participle = passive voice

    For example
    The window was broken by John

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    • #3
      متى نستخدم المبني للمجهول ؟

      نستخدم المبني للمجهول عندما يكون الفاعل غير مهم في الجملة . مثلا:

      The door was opened. ’فتح الباب

      coffee is grown in Brasil.القهوة ُتزرع في البرازيل

      في الجملة الأولى " فُتِح الباب " لا يهمنا من الذي فتح الباب بقدر ما يهمنا عملية فتح الباب. كذلك في الجملة الثانية لا يهمنا من الذي يزرع القهوة بقدر ما يهمنا عملية زرع القهوة.

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      • #4

        Thank you very much and God Bless
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