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information about present simple

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  • information about present simple

    Simple Present
    FORM
    VERB+ s/es in third person

    Examples

    You speak English
    Do you speak English
    You do not speak English

    USE 1 Repeated Actions


    Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do

    Examples

    I play tennis
    She does not play tennis
    Does he play tennis
    The train leaves every morning at 8 AM
    The train does not leave at 9 AM
    When does the train usually leave
    She always forgets her purse
    He never forgets his wallet
    Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun
    Does the Sun circle the Earth

    USE 2 Facts or Generalizations


    The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things

    Examples

    Cats like milk
    Birds do not like milk
    Do pigs like milk
    California is in America
    California is not in the United Kingdom
    Windows are made of glass
    Windows are not made of wood
    New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue


    USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future


    Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well

    Examples

    The train leaves tonight at 6 PM
    The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM
    When do we board the plane
    The party starts at 8 o'clock
    When does class begin tomorrow

    USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)


    Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs

    Examples

    I am here now
    She is not here now
    He needs help right now
    He does not need help now
    He has his passport in his hand
    Do you have your passport with you

    ADVERB PLACEMENT

    The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc

    Examples

    You only speak English
    Do you only speak English
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