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What happened to Fadak

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  • What happened to Fadak


    What happened to Fadak


    Fadak” was one of the properties, which belonged to the Jews who
    lived around Madinah. After the conquest of Khaibar, as per the terms of
    treaty, it went in the possession of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). As it was
    not captured forcibly in a holy war, no one had any right or share in it
    and thus it was an absolute property of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). All
    properties apart from Fadak were also similar. There also were such other
    properties, which formerly belonged to “Bani Quraizah” and were
    within Madinah. The holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) used to spend the proceeds
    of these properties on both his holy wives and on his poor and needy relatives,
    thus helping them. So he had, since long back, gifted Fadak to his
    dearest daughter Fatima Zahra (s.a.). So it belonged exclusively to her.
    Fatima (s.a.) too used to spend and donate the profits of Fadak in the
    path of Allah. As soon as the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) passed away and
    when Fatima was still in a state of mourning, she was informed that the
    officials of caliph Abu Bakr had cancelled Fatima (a.s.)’s ownership of
    Fadak! Fatima (a.s.) was very much grieved by this deed of greed. So she
    sent some one to the caliph to question him about this cancellation of her
    right over Fadak. He replied, ‘Fadak is a part of Baitul Maal and hence
    Fatima has no right in it.’
    Surely we are Allah’s and to Him we shall surely return.[1] Has
    such irregularity ever taken place in the world?
    Before dealing with the objection raised by Fatima (s.a.) we find it
    necessary to mention here our impressions:
    Firstly: Had the caliph taken into consideration benefits of both the
    worlds offered to him by the Prophet of God (s.a.w.a.), he would have
    never indulged in such undue deeds.
    Did the caliph not recollect that the locust-eating Arabs had become
    the caliphs of the world? Did he not remember that when he and his like
    were bowing before stones and worshipping idols, it was the father of
    Fatima (s.a.) who pulled them out of humiliation and degradation and
    guided them to grandeur, and brought them out from polytheism and
    made them believers? Was it a reward of all this goodness that the
    dearest daughter of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) should be grieved so
    much just for the sake of a little piece of garden? And all this despite the
    right of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had already been mentioned in the
    holy Quran through the holy verse:
    Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives.[
    2] And thus the friendship (affection) of the holy progeny has been
    made obligatory for the entire community. Was it unbecoming on the
    part of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) who had gifted so much to the caliph
    to gift even a piece of garden to his beloved daughter?
    Secondly: Fatima is one of the holy members of the honourable family
    regarding whom the holy Quran says:
    Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of
    the House! And to purify you a (thorough) purifying[3] indicating that
    Allah the Almighty has made them pure from all uncleanness. Can such
    a respectable personality ever make an unlawful or improper claim of
    ownership? No, never. Each and every word and deed and movement
    and pause of Fatima prove that it is true and that she is the righteous
    leader. Making a false claim of Fadak is filth, which is an impossibility in
    the case of Fatima (s.a.).
    Thirdly: Under what authority and proof can Fatima (s.a.) be prevented
    from making her claim when she is an associate of Quran and a
    source of reason?
    Fourthly: How can the claim of Fatima be baseless when the holy
    Prophet (s.a.w.a.) says, “Fatemah is a part of me”? Can Fatima who is a
    part of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) ever make a false claim? No, never. (For it
    will tantamount to accusing the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) of making a false
    claim).
    Fifthly: The holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
    I am at war with those who attack you.”
    This makes it clear that the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) too is an associate in
    her claim. Yes, there is no doubt that the one who quarrels with Fatima
    (a.s.) quarrels with the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), because there is no disagreement
    about the validity and soundness of the abovementioned
    hadith. Its goes as follows: One day the holy Prophet (s.a.w.) gathered
    Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain at one place and said:
    I am at war with the one who quarrels with you and I am at peace
    with the one who is at peace with you.”
    Sixthly: It is obvious that Fatima (s.a.) who was denied her right had
    become sad, as is expected from any human being. There is a hadith recorded
    in Sahih Bukhari from Ayesha which runs as follows:
    Fatima went to my father Abu Bakr to inform him about the usurpation
    of Fadak and said that her father, the Prophet of God (s.a.w.a.), had
    gifted Fadak to her. Abu Bakr held back Fadak from her. So Fatima returned
    disappointed and died while she was angry with my father.
    This hadith is found in all hadith books but I have quoted only
    Bukhari. It shows that Fatima (s.a.) was unhappy with the caliph, while
    the Prophet of God had said, “Fatima is from me, whoever hurts her hurts
    me”. This is an explicit statement. No claim contrary to it is possible. Just
    as it is impossible that denial of Fadak may not displease her, so it is impossible
    that the displeasure of Fatima (s.a.) will not make the holy
    Prophet (s.a.w.a.) unhappy.
    Now we may revert to the argumentation of the original claim:
    We quote below a narration made by Allamah Abu Abdillah Bukhari
    in the part “Faraaiz-e-Sahih al- Bukhari”, which says that Fatima (s.a.) demanded,
    O Abu Bakr! In case your father expires who is his heir?”
    He replied, “I, his son, will be his heir.”
    Fatima asked, “Who is the heir of my late father?”
    Abu Bakr said, “You who are his daughter.”
    Fatima asked, “Then why do you take back Fadak forcibly?”
    Abu Bakr replied that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said, “We
    Prophets do not leave inheritance.”
    Fatima shot back, “My father had gifted me Fadak during his lifetime
    and currently it is in my use.”
    Abu Bakr argued, “You must produce witness.”
    Fatima brought Ali (a.s.) and Umme Aiman as witness. The caliph did
    not accept. Fatima returned disheartened and disappointed.
    Here let us examine some aspects of this claim:
    First: The tradition on which the caliph based his decision is a one-person
    narration, and a one-man narration cannot be relied upon against a
    clear Quranic commandment.
    Second: Even if a narration is true, it does not pertain to the inheritance
    of wealth. Rather, it indicates the inheritance of Prophethood or
    messengership. For, at that time the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had, in response
    to a claim made by the Jews and the Christians, said that Prophethood
    is not based on race that I must belong to Bani Israel. Had Prophethood
    been a part of heritage or inheritance, then a Prophet must be
    from Bani Israel. That is why the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had defended
    his claim in these words.
    Third: In case this hadith was about inheritance of wealth, then no
    Prophet should have any inheritor. But we do see that the inheritors of
    all the Prophets have shared the wealth left by those Prophets. The holy
    Quran also supports our claim as God Almighty says in it while mentioning
    the event of Prophet that Zakariya said,
    Who should inherit from me and from the children of Yaqoub?[4]
    Zakariya’s request for a child was because of his desire that his children
    should inherit his wealth, and in his children were also those who
    were not Prophets.
    Fourth: This tradition, in any case, does not relate to the claim of
    Fatima because the possession of Fadak by Fatima was not by way of inheritance
    but it was a gift and this hadith prevents inheritance, not a gift.
    Fifth: Bringing forth of witnesses was not necessary for Fatima (s.a.)
    because she was only defending what was in her possession and witnesses
    are required when the possession of anything is demanded.
    Fatima Zahra (s.a.) was holding a property, not demanding it.
    Sixth: It is known that the second caliph had, during his caliphate, returned
    Fadak to Ali (a.s.) but Ali rejected the offer saying: When an established
    right of one was denied to her and now when she is no more, I
    cannot accept Fadak. All historians, even the author of Qaamoos al Aalaam
    has, under the topic, FADAK explained this sentence of Ali (a.s.).
    Now, if the argument of the first caliph was correct then why did the
    second caliph disregard it and returned Fadak to its owner? And if the
    first caliph was not right, then why was the dearest child of the holy
    Prophet (s.a..w.a.) harassed?
    Seventh: Umar bin Abdul Aziz, an Umayyad caliph, was known as a
    wiser and more pious man than his predecessors. He was also more inclined
    toward truth. He returned Fadak to the progeny of Fatima (s.a.)
    during his caliphate. This also means that all Muslims had been convinced
    that the confiscation of Fadak was oppressive and wrong.
    We conclude this unpalatable investigation here. At the end of every
    court trial, some rights are established. Yet we suffice with this much
    that the First Caliph had expressed his remorse publicly in these three
    phrases:
    First: Acceptance of caliphate,
    Second: Sending his men to the house of Fatima to obtain allegiance.
    Three: Confiscation of Fadak
    We have nothing to do with the remorse or otherwise on the part of
    that Caliph. But, alas, before taking such ugly actions, he should have
    done something to prevent it. How much hardships and pains the holy
    Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had suffered for the welfare and prosperity and safety
    of religion as well as their worldly lives. The kind Prophet, at the last
    moment of his life, when the entire Muslim nation was under his obligation,
    leaves as his memorial his beloved daughter. He also ordered
    everybody to respect and honour her. Thus, anybody who opposes these
    commands, whosoever he may be, cannot escape historic investigation
    and its unpalatable consequences.
    Fatima Zahra (s.a.), after the passing away of the holy Prophet
    (s.a.w.a.), suffered many oppressions and innumerable attacks on her
    rights. Then she, under the painful effects of such excesses passed away
    from this world.
    Fatima Zahra (s.a.) was the youngest child of the holy Prophet
    (s.a.w.a.). She was born to lady Khadija (s.a.) and was the youngest remembrance
    of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) left for the ummah. Thereafter
    the memorials of Fatima Zahra are Hasan (a.s.), Husain (a.s.), Zainab
    (a.s.) and Umme Kulsoom (a.s.).
    The Quranic verses and hadiths describing the grace and nobility of
    Fatima Zahra (s.a.) are so many that the brevity of this book does not suffice
    to accommodate all of them.
    As Fatima Zahra (a.s.) was buried secretly at night in the presence of
    only Ali (a.s.), Hasan, Husain and a small selected group of Bani
    Hashim, the actual location of her blessed grave of this dearest daughter
    of the holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is not known to common Muslims. But it is
    likely that her holy grave is situated in one of the mausoleums.
    [1] Surah Baqarah 2:156
    [2] Surah Shura 42:23
    [3] Surah Ahzab 33.33
    [4] Surah Maryam 19:6
    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة حسين سلطاني; الساعة 25-10-2013, 07:16 AM.


  • #2
    موضوعك عن فدك---موفق بحق آل محمد
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    إحناغيرحسين *ماعدنا وسيلة*
    ولاطبعك بوجهي"بابك إ تسده"
    ياكاظم الغيظ"ويامحمدالجواد "
    لجن أبقه عبدكم وإنتم أسيادي

    تعليق


    • #3
      احسنت ان شاء الله عطاء اكثر
      أبا الفضل عشقي الازلي
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